21st January, 2021
Experiencing the highlights of South America
South America is a vast and varied destination, offering visitors the opportunity to explore breathtaking beaches, snow-covered mountains, tropical rainforests, and everything in between.
Historically, South America has long been home to an astounding array of cultures – both living and ancient – many of which have left a lasting mark to this day. For those looking to experience some of the wonders that this massive continent has to offer, it can be a bit daunting.
To help get you on your way, we’ve highlighted a few of the amazing things you can see and do in some of South America’s most revered destinations.
Situated in the west, Peru is home to one of the continent’s most well-known landmarks – Machu Picchu. Not only is this ancient Incan citadel famous in its own right, but it’s also surrounded by a maze of rich archaeological sites, along with the Inca Trail and the Sacred Valley. If you’re planning a visit to Peru, spend some time in Cusco, the oldest inhabited city on the continent, or head to the capital, Lima, to experience some of the country’s culinary delights.
Another country found on the west coast, Ecuador straddles the equator and boasts a diverse landscape, including the unique Galapagos Islands, located about 600 miles from the mainland. One of the world’s most remarkable destinations, the Galapagos archipelago is an open-air museum, home to an astonishing array of endemic species, that inspired Darwin’s ground-breaking theory of evolution and his book ‘The Origin of the Species’.
The city of Guayaquil, close to the Pacific coast, is not only the gateway to the Galapagos, but also exudes a welcoming, vivacious ambience. Here you can stroll around the colourful streets adorned with colonial architecture and plenty of lovely places to eat and shop, perhaps visiting the central plaza where iguanas roam freely.
For a lively take on South American culture, Brazil never disappoints. Iconic Rio de Janeiro is a breathtaking introduction to the country, boasting famous beaches, a lively music scene, delicious food and impressive sights. But these lively metropolises offer just a taste of what Brazil has to offer.
The country boasts the greatest collection of plant and animal species found anywhere on the planet, and there are plenty of opportunities to spot everything from toucans and howler monkeys to sea turtles. A cruise along the mighty Amazon River provides a once-in-a-lifetime experience not to be missed. The surrounding rainforest is home to one third of all known species in the world, with new species being discovered every year.
Found in the north, Colombia boasts many of South America’s top draws, all within one cultural wonderland. Visit the UNESCO World Heritage site at Cartagena de Indias, the jewel in Colombia’s crown, built beside the Caribbean coast by the Spanish during the 15th and 16th centuries. Cartagena’s old city is packed with elegant plazas, palaces and mansions, cobbled streets, flower bedecked balconies and horse-drawn carriages – the perfect spot to spend an afternoon exploring.
Instantly recognisable, the long, thin footprint of Chile stretches along the western edge of South America. The people of this country are one of its biggest assets; famed for their good vibes and welcoming nature, but the country also boasts a desert, mountains and glaciers.
Explore the country’s Lake District, with its dense forest, crystal-clear lakes and snow-capped mountains – including Volcán Osorno, a stunning volcano often likened to Mount Fuji. Whatever you’re looking for during your South American adventure, you’re sure to make memories in Chile.
Planning your adventure in South America
The wonders of South America provide a backdrop for a life-changing adventure – one that’s as calm and relaxed, or adventurous and adrenaline-fuelled as you wish. From the heights of the Andean peaks to the southernmost glaciers of Patagonia, along with Incan ruins, colonial towns and landmark monuments, South America has something to offer everyone.
The hardest part is deciding where to start.
Please note: overland tours on our cruises are optional and at an additional cost.
The opinions expressed are those of the author and are not held by Saga unless specifically stated.
The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal, medical or other form of advice. You should not rely on this information to make (or refrain from making) any decisions. Always obtain independent, professional advice for your own particular situation.
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